More than 700 reports published on the database www.borderviolence.eu document the experiences of a total of more than 7,000 asylum seekers who have been illegally expelled from Croatia in recent years. In many of these so-called pushbacks, the persons concerned were deported from the EU to Serbia or Bosnia-Herzegovina even across several national borders. In 80% of the cases there are indications of disproportionate use of force up to cases of torture by Croatian officials and 38% of those affected are minors. For thousands of people seeking protection, who want to continue their refuge to Western and Central Europe via Greece, the Balkan region represents a politically intended impasse.
Über 700 auf der Datenbank www.borderviolence.eu(*) veröffentlichte Berichte dokumentieren die Erfahrungen von insgesamt über 7.000 Schutzsuchenden, die in den letzten Jahren rechtswidrig aus Kroatien ausgewiesen wurden. Bei vielen dieser sogenannten Pushbacks wurden die Betroffenen sogar über mehrere Ländergrenzen hinweg aus der EU nach Serbien oder Bosnien-Herzegowina abgeschoben. In 80% der Fälle finden sich Hinweise auf unverhältnismäßige Gewaltanwendung bis hin zu Fällen von Folter und erniedrigende Behandlungdurch kroatische Beamt*innen und 38% der Betroffenen sind minderjährig. Für tausende Schutzsuchende, die über Griechenland weiter nach West- und Zentraleuropa fliehen wollen, stellt die Balkanregion eine von der EU gewollte Sackgasse dar.
The Border Violence Monitoring Network are releasing new case material presenting evidence of removals from Greek centres and the subsequent pushback of people to Turkey. The incidents, occurring from the camp in Diavata and the Drama Paranesti Pre-removal Centre, show the extension of collective expulsion during the COVID-19 period. These are brazen acts which situate institutional accomodation sites and detention spaces firmly within the illegal pushback regime.
On Saturday 16th November 2019, a group of people-in-transit were fired upon by Croatian police with live rounds. The shooting occurred on Tuhobić mountain, Gorski Kotar (HR), an area close to the Slovenian border. One man was shot in the stomach and chest area and remains in a critical condition in a hospital in Rijeka (HR). The Croatian Ministry of Interior have stated this potentially fatal shooting to be an accidental outcome of regular border protection work. However, The Border Violence Monitoring Network are sharing their dataset of firearms incidents, proving the regular and systematic use of guns by the Croatian police during pushback operations. The statistics, drawn from the common database, show:
By now our database contains more than 150 push-back reports from the Bosnian-Croatian border. In light of this figure it seems hard to deny this illegal practice of collective expulsions of people seeking protection, perpetrated by the Croatian police and often accompanied by violence.