Torture and pushbacks – an in depth analysis of practices in Greece and Croatia, and states participating in violent chain-pushbacks
This special report analyses data from 286 first hand testimonies of violent pushbacks carried out by authorities in the Balkans, looking at the way practices of torture have become an established part of contemporary border policing. The report examines six typologies of violence and torture that have been identified during pushbacks from Croatia and Greece, and also during chain-pushbacks initiated by North Macedonia, Slovenia and Italy. Across the report, 30 victim testimonies of torture and inhuman treatment are presented which is further supplemented by a comprehensive legal analysis and overview of the States response to these allegations.Continue reading “Annual Torture Report 2020”
In March, the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) recorded 31pushback cases, impacting671 people-on-the-move in the Balkans. This report looks at the direct and indirect violence that people face at borders in the region and the way border enforcement has adapted to maximise the abuse of transit communities. In profile were those killed at borders and interiors last month – directly because of the lack of safe passage into the EU.
The lived experience of people navigating the EU external border during the Covid-19 pandemic has brought into sharper focus the way border violence has become embedded within the landscape of migration. Here BVMN are sharing a feature article and comic strip from artistic journalist collective Brush&Bow which relays the human stories behind pushbacks, and the protracted violence which has come to characterise journeys along the Balkan Route. The researchers and artists spent time with transit communities along the Western Balkan Route, as well as speaking to network members Centre for Peace Studies, No Name Kitchen & Info Kolpa about their work. Combined with the indepth article (linked below) the comic strip brings to life much of the oral testimonies collected in the BVMN shared database, visualising movement and aspiration – as well as the counterforce of border violence.
In March, the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) published its 1000th testimony, marking a sad landmark. The case, documenting a pushback from Greece to Turkey, adds to the online archive collated by the network, bearing witness to over four years of systemic violence against people-on-the-move at borders in the Balkans. Beginning with reports of pushbacks from Hungary in January 2017, after the formal closure of the humanitarian corridor, the database charts these violations to the present day, visualising the spread of pushbacks across the EU external border. Each entry on the database accounts for a single pushback incident, but these cases often affect transit groups of over 50 persons. Therefore the thousand testimonies relate the experience of over 15,000 people, exposing the high levels of violence and abuse they face, which amount in many cases to torture. We look back here at the primary findings from this huge body of evidence and describe how BVMN has been monitoring these trends.
In February 2021, the Border Violence Monitoring Network Network (BVMN) collected 44 testimonies, accounting for the experience of 1133 people pushed back across borders in the Balkans. This report highlights the latest trends related to migration policing, offering an eye-level analysis of violent borders all the way from Turkey to Italy.Continue reading “Balkan Region Report – February 2021”