“The officers took the handcuffs from them and yelled “Go, go, go” while beating them everywhere with a plastic stick”

  • Date and time: May 5, 2021 02:00
  • Location: Malko Tarnovo/Dereköy
  • Coordinates: 41.9797938, 27.5250475
  • Pushback from: Bulgaria
  • Pushback to: Turkey
  • Demographics: 2 person(s), age: 25, 27 years old , from: Algeria, Tunisia
  • Minors involved? No
  • Violence used: beating (with batons/hands/other), kicking, theft of personal belongings, reckless driving, restrained
  • Police involved: 2 Bulgarian officers wearing sage green uniforms, with a logo (2 wings & Bulgarian flag on arms), sage green Mercedes Vito; 3 officers in green jackets (written in English “border police” on back jacket) and green pants (with 2 yellow stripes at bottom), navy-blue Nissan.
  • Taken to a police station?: no
  • Treatment at police station or other place of detention:
  • Was the intention to ask for asylum expressed?: No
  • Reported by: josoor

Original Report

The respondent, a 25 year old man from Algeria, left Edirne to cross the Bulgarian – Turkish border on the 3rd of May. He walked with two other people – one Tunisian man and one Algerian man, their age ranging from 25 to 27 years old. In the early morning, on the 4th of May, the three men crossed.  

Once in Bulgaria, they rested in the forest until sunset and walked for about 10 kilometres through green farmlands, a few rivers and small forests before getting to a “highway”. The three men walked on the highway for about 25 kilometres before being apprehended at  around 1 AM, as they were at a crossroad near the village of Elhovo.

They suddenly came face to face with two Bulgarian officers, wearing sage green uniforms with the Bulgarian flag and a logo with 2 wings on their arms.  “They were hiding on the side of the road, it was dark so we didn’t see them coming,” explained the respondent. “They started to yell “down down” in English.” 

The respondent and his friends started to run in the opposite direction and tried to hide in a wheat field, next to the road. “Me and my Tunisian friend were hiding together in the field while my other friend could run further than us. We could see him hiding far away”.  

The respondent saw the two officers going back to their car, a sage green Mercedes Vito, which was parked on the side of the road. They took a big torch and started to search the fields. First, the officers didn’t find the respondent and his friends, so they went back to their car and drove into the field with the car. “They passed by me, but they didn’t get me, then they parked the car next to the field, and walked again in the field with the torch. They turned the light on on me, and found me,” recounted the respondent.

When the officers apprehended the two men, they kicked the legs of the friend of the respondent with their “big” boots, before putting them both in metal handcuffs, with one bracelet for each of them. The officers took the two men to the road and ordered them to kneel on the ground. The officers searched them and took all their belongings: phones, power banks, money (150 euros), chargers, and bags. They also took their shoes from them. The respondent and his friend had to stay there for 30 minutes. The respondent said that the officers were talking in Bulgarian to each other.

After 30 minutes, three other Bulgarian officers – wearing green jackets with “border police” written in English on them, green pants with two yellow stripes at the bottom of the pants – arrived in a navy-blue Nissan patrol. Once those officers frisked the respondent and his friend again, they loaded them, still handcuffed and barefoot, in the trunk of the Nissan. The officers took them away, while the two officers who apprehended them stayed at the location of apprehension.

“The trunk was one by one metre – it was tight for space. There was a tire inside the car, no seat to sit on and there was only an opaque window, we couldn’t see anything.”

After a one-hour drive, “very recklessly and fast,” on paved and windy unpaved roads, they arrived at the border, in a location which looks like a forest with many trees, near to the town of Malko Tarnovo. The officers took the handcuffs from the respondent and his friend and yelled “Go, go, go”, in English, while beating them everywhere with a plastic stick.

The place of the pushback was not an ‘official’ door but there was a “small door” in the fence that the officers had to push from the top to open a narrow passage in the doorframe under which the respondent and his friend were made to crawl to go back to Turkey. “There was a lock on this door and they had the key,” explained the respondent. 

It was between 2 and 3 AM when the pushback happened. The respondent and his friend spent the night in the forest until sunrise. Around 7 AM, they walked, barefoot, on a tractor’s road in the forest for about 3 hours before reaching the village of Dereköy. Then, since they couldn’t find any means of transportation, they kept walking on the highway for another 8 hours until someone picked them up and dropped them, after a 35 kilometres drive, at the entrance of Edirne.

When we took his testimony, the respondent hadn’t gotten any news from his Algerian friend who was not apprehended by the Bulgarian officers.