The respondent is one 17 year old from Syria who was walking with his 21 year-old brother when they crossed the border into Bulgaria. They both had experienced 4 pushbacks already, the most recent one from Bulgaria to Turkey.
The two started walking on the 17th of July from Edirne for about 4-5 km to get closer to the border and cross to Bulgaria by crossing the fence. With them 24 Syrian (among them 5 women), aged between 14 – 40, were walking until they reached a point at the fence close to Hamzabeyli.
Around 2.30 pm they entered Bulgaria and walked for about 4 km to the destination of Sofia. The respondent recounted they were surrounded and caught at around 4.30 pm 300m outside of “Golyam Dervent” (Bulgaria) by 6 officers. They were all dressed in sage green shirts and pants. The shirts had “Border police” written on their back and a Bulgarian flag as an arm patch. These officers were not wearing Balaclavas.
The officers called for more officers and five minutes later, 2 other officers in a green Nissan pickup truck appeared, dressed as well in sage green uniforms. The officers searched everybody in the group and took their belongings like phones, 200 Dollar per person, bags and shoes plus the water. The women were searched by male officers, forced to take their headscarf off. The officers kept saying towards them “No Islam, No Headscarf” and checked every body part. Everyone in the group was so thirsty that they wished for rain so that they could at least drink something. The police officers didn’t care at all.
The officers started beating people randomly and everywhere with a plastic baton. The Women were also kicked but the children were protected by the respondent and other people of the group. One of the babys was sick, the mother asked for necessary medicine but it was denied.
For about 5 hours the group was kept waiting in the blazing sun by the officers, without being provided food or water because the water had been taken before by the officers. No fingerprint was taken or paper given to sign, but the officers took pictures of every person with their phones. The respondent was asked by the officers where he is from, where he is going and who the smuggler and driver were. He answered that they are going to the camp. The officer pulled a gun to threaten them. One officer was confirmed by the respondent as operating for FRONTEX, as he was wearing a black jacket, green pants and the blue FRONTEX-armband. The respondent could hear him speaking Russian, the other officers were speaking Bulgarian with each other and used English and some Turkish for talking to the group.
Once they loaded them in the car, the officers started surrounding and humiliating the people. The respondent kept saying that they wanted to go to the camp to which the officers reacted heartlessly as the respondent described, with laughter and insults by showing the middle finger.
Another car with 2 officers was called, both wearing green shirts and pants with “police” written on their back. These officers divided the 24 people into three groups and loaded them in the trunk of a Green Toyota. The respondent was part of the first group, the others were waiting at the site. The trunk was 1 by 1 m in size. It was too hot so it was impossible to breathe properly.
After approximately 40 min. of fast and reckless driving on unpaved road (the people kept colliding into each other), the respondent and the others were taken to the push-back point to a road in the forest next to the fence.
On site there were no other officers, just the two who were driving the car. The respondent described the pushback point as a normal “garage – door” [in the border fence], which the officers just opened and pushed them back to Turkey. At that point, the group was reduced to 8 people, including the respondent. The group consisted of one woman, five men and one 3-year-old child, the age range was therefore between 3 and 35 years.
By now it was the 18th of July, 2021, around 6 pm when the group was urged to just leave Bulgaria through the door. One Bulgarian officer spoke English and told the respondent “Go to Germany and try again”. They had to walk barefoot for about 2 km until reaching Küçünlü, and then went on to reach Edirne city.